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Displays

Red Eye Surface to Air Missile

Red Eye Surface to Air Missile

The FIM-43 Redeye Anti-Aircraft  Missile was the first of an entirely new class of weapons:  the MANPAD or Man Portable Air Defense System.  The concept of the MANPAD, a post WW2 weapons system, fulfilled the need for a close-in air defense system to protect troops from low-flying aircraft.  Although it employs sophisticated technology,  it is simple to operate and can be carried anywhere a soldier can carry a rifle.  The Redeye is named after its heat seeking infra-red guidance system. 

Vietnam War Weapons

Vietnam War Weapons

The Vietnam Rifles in the Vietnam Display are the:  American M14 rifle, American M16 rifle , Russia AK47 rifle, Swedish Carl Gustav M45 submachine gun, Chinese Type 53 Carbine, American M79 grenade launcher, and Chinese Type 56 SKS Rifle

Vietnam 1961-1973 Display

Vietnam 1961-1973 Display

The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other anti-communist nations. The Viet Cong, a lightly armed South Vietnamese communist-controlled common front largely fought a guerrilla war.

 

The Korean War Display

The Korean War Display

The first hot conflict of the post WWII Cold War era is often called the forgotten war. Never officially more than a police action in the United States, thousands of American fighting men went to Korea to stop the advance of communists from North Korea and push them back. The line was held for three years before the cease fire was signed in 1953. The war between North and South Korea is not over to this day and our men still man the DMZ to this day, keeping a watchful eye on the very aggressive North Korea .

Iwo Jima Display

Iwo Jima Display

The Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February – 26 March 1945),  was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire. The American invasion had the goal of capturing the entire island, along with its three airfields (including the South Field and the Central Field), to provide a staging area for attacks on the Japanese main islands.[2] This five-week battle comprised some of the fiercest and bloodiest fighting of the War in the Pacific of World War II.

Eight Airforce Briefing Room

Eight Airforce Briefing Room

The U.S. Veterans Memorial Museum's Eighth Air Force Briefing Room is a scaled replica of the briefing room of the 385th Bomb Group, USAAF in Great Ashfield, England during 1943-45. It was built from memory by Bill Varnedoe, a Lieutenant and B-17 Navigator with the 385th Bomb Group from 1944-45. Mr. Varnedoe was aided in construction by Harold McMurran, himself an Army veteran of the Normandy D-Day invasion.

USS Banner APA-60 Display

USS Banner APA-60 Display

USS Banner loaded cargo and passengers and got underway from the west coast 30 October 1944, putting into Milne Bay, New Guinea, 17 November. Until 30 December 1944 she carried passengers and cargo between Humboldt Bay, Hollandia, and Cape Sansapor, New Guinea. On the 30th she departed Cape Sansapor in company with TG 78.5 enroute to Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands.

The Ploesti Raid Display

The Ploesti Raid Display

The Ploesti display shows the B24 raid on Ploesti vast complex of oil refinery facilities located north of Bucharest, Romania. On August 1, 1943, the U.S. launched 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from airfields in Benghazi to hit the Romanian oil refineries. Because the round-trip distance to the target and back was over 2,000 miles, no fighter escort was possible, and the bombers came in alone, at treetop level. Waiting for them were over 200 scrambled German fighters and a network of hundreds of 88-millimeter anti-aircraft guns. 

 

Doolittle Raid April 18, 1942 Display

Doolittle Raid April 18, 1942 Display

The display has pictures of the USS Hornet with 16 B-25B on its deck. She had a displacement of 26,932 tons, 28 ft draft, top speed of 32.5 knots and range of over 14,000 miles. USS Hornet, CV8, was launched on Dec. 14, 1940. On completing her trained out of Norfolk the USS Hornet sailed for the West Coast via the Panama Canal on March 1942. While at San Francisco, CA., sixteen US Army Air Forces B-25s were loaded onto Hornet's flight deck. The B-25B Mitchell medium bombers had a top speed of 275 mph and a range of 2,000.

 

Flying Tigers 1941-1942 Display

Flying Tigers 1941-1942 Display

.Flying Tigers was the popular name of the 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force in 19411942. The pilots were United States Army, Navy, and Marine Corps personnel, recruited under Presidential sanction and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault; the ground crew and headquarters staff were likewise mostly recruited from the U.S. military, along with some civilians.  It trained in Burma before the American entry into World War II with the mission of defending China against Japanese forces. 

Midway June 3-7, 1942 Display

Midway June 3-7, 1942 Display

The Battle of Midway, June 3-7, 1942, is the most popularized naval battle of the Second World War. For good reason, It has generally been considered the most critical battle of the war in the Pacific. Before the battle the Japanese had not been decisively defeated at sea. After the American victory, the momentum of the Japanese offensive stalled. Following the war of attrition in the Solomon's on and around Guadalcanal, the American central Pacific counteroffensive began in the fall of 1943 at Tarawa. 

 

American Weapons Display

American Weapons Display

Included in the American Weapons of World War Two Display are the Thompson submachine gun, the M1 Garand, an early extremely rare developmental model M1 Garand known as the "gas trap" Garand, the M1 carbine and it's paratroop version, the Springfield 1903 bolt action rifle and its sniper varient, the M1911 pistol, the M3 Grease Gun and the BAR Browning Automatic Rifle. 

Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941 Display

Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941 Display

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.

Russian Weapons Display

Russian Weapons Display

The Russian Weapons display contains the classic small arms employed by Soviet armed forces during World War Two. Several gained iconic status and saw use well beyond WW2 in other conflicts. Contained in the display are the DP28 light machine gun, the Mosin Nagant M1891 Rifle, Tokarev M1940 SVT, the Mosin Nagant Carbine, the Mosin Nagant Revolver, the Tokarev 1933 Pistol, the PPSH-41 and PPS 43 submachine guns. 

Italian Weapons Display

Italian Weapons Display

The Italian Weapons of World War Two contain the Model 1938 Carcano rifle and its carbine version, the Beretta Model 1938 submachine gun, and the M1934 9MM pistol. 

British Weapons Display

British Weapons Display

The British Weapons of World War Two Display contains : the Bren Mark II Light Machine Gun, the Mark II STEN submachine gun, the Webley Mark IV .38 Revolver, the Inglis High Power Pistol, the No 2 Mark 1 Enfield Revolver, the Lee Enfield No 1 Mark III Rifle, the Lee Enfield No 4 Mark 1 Rifle, and the Lee Enfield No 5 Mark 1 Jungle Carbine. 

French Weapons Display

French Weapons Display

The French Weapons of World War Two Display contains the following: a MAS 1936 7.5 mm Rifle, the MAS 38 Submachine gun, the M1892 Ordinance 8 mm Revolver, and the Model 1935 A 7.65 mm Pistol. 

German Weapons Display

German Weapons Display

The German Weapons Display contains many small arms used by the German Military during World War Two. Included in the display are several well known German weapons including the 98K Rifle, the STG-44, the very successful MG42 Light Machine gun, the P08 Luger, MP40 machinepistol and the Walther PPK. There are also several lesser known weapons made in other countries by contract or aquired by occupation during the war.  

Japanese Weapons Display

Japanese Weapons Display

The Japanese Weapons of World War 2 display contains the follwoing: Type 38 Arisaka 6.5 mm rifle, Type 44 Arisaka 6.5 mm carbine, Type 2 7.7 mm paratroop rifle, Type 99 Arisaka 7.7 mm rifle, Type 89 mortar, Type 99 Nambu light 7.7 mm machine gun, Type 11 6.5 mm light  machine gun, Type 99 rifle, late war type 99 rifle, Model 14 Nambu 8mm pistol, and Type 1 Italian made rifle.

World War One Weapons Right Display

World War One Weapons Right Display

The World War Weapons right side Display contains many common small arms used by the United States. Some particularly well known items are the Springfield .30 caliber Carbine, the British 1917 Lee Enfield Rifle, and the Colt Model 1911 Semi-auto Pistol. 

`African American Military Heritage Display

`African American Military Heritage Display

The Military history of African Americans spans from the arrival of the first black slaves during the colonial history of the United States to the present day. There has been no war fought by or within the United States in which African Americans did not participate, including the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, the Spanish American War, the World Wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as other minor conflicts.

World War One Weapons Left Display

World War One Weapons Left Display

The World War 1 Weapons left side Display contains many common small arms used by various military organizations during World War 1. Weapons used by France, Germany, Italy Russia, and the United States are included in the display. Some particularly well known items are the Spandau Machine Gun, the Erfurt Luger Pistol, the Mosin Nagant M1891 Rifle, the Springfield .30 caliber Carbine, the British 1917 Lee Enfield Rifle, and the Colt Model 1911 Semi-auto Pistol. 

Spanish American War Display

Spanish American War Display

With the unexplained sinking of the U. S, Navy's armored cruiser USS Maine (ACR-1) in Havana harbor on Feb. 15, 1898. U.S. Congress issued a resolutions that declared Cuba’s right to independence, demanded the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island, and authorized the President’s use of force to secure that withdrawal while, renouncing any U.S. design for annexing Cuba. Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made retroactive to April 21. 

The Late Indian Wars Display

The Late Indian Wars Display

The American Indian Wars is the collective name for the various armed conflicts that were fought by European governments and colonists, and later by the governments and settlers, against various American Indian and First Nation tribes. These conflicts occurred in North America from the time of the earliest colonial settlements in the 17th century until the early 20th century.

Civil War Breech Loading Rifle and Carbines

Civil War Breech Loading Rifle and Carbines

The difference between a Rifle and Carbine is the length of the barrel. The longer the barrel the greater was the accuracy. The Civil War is called the "first modern war" for many reasons; one of these reasons is because of breech-loading rifles.  Breech-loading rifles loaded their bullets at the back of the gun.   Using a breech-loading gun, ammunition could be loaded much faster and shots could be fired at the enemy much quicker. In addition, these rifles could have multiple bullets loaded into them at one time .

 

Civil War Western Theater

Civil War Western Theater

Union General Halleck was given command of the Western Theater.  In 1862 Union General Grant’s Army of the Tennessee was to take control of the Tennessee River while General Buell's Army of the Ohio was to move down from Cincinnati and take Nashville on the Cumberland River.  Flag Officer David Farragut led a Union assault up the Mississippi River. By April 25, he was in command of New Orleans.

Civil War Smooth-bore and Rifle Muskets

 Civil War Smooth-bore and Rifle Muskets

Smooth bore Muskets came in various bore diameters from .69 calibers to the British Brown Bess  at .75 calibers.  A round ball fired from a smooth barrel is fairly unstable and just not very accurate. Hitting a target over 50 or so yards becomes as much a matter of luck as skill.  The Rifle Musket  which was loaded at the front of the gun barrel.  Rifling the barrel of a musket and using a hollow-based conical bullet that expands when the bullet is fired causes the bullet to spin and greatly increases accuracy upto 300-400 yards.

Civil War Eastern Theater

Civil War Eastern Theater

In the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, 35,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of  “Stonewall” Jackson forced a greater number of Union forces (or Federals) to retreat towards Washington, D.C., dashing any hopes of a quick Union victory and leading Lincoln to call for 500,000 more recruits.  it became clear that the war would not be a limited or short conflict.  George B. McClellan replaced the aging General Winfield Scott as supreme commander of the Union Army after the first months of the war.

The Mexican War Display

The Mexican War Display

In 1845, the U.S. annexed Texas to its territory. Texas had seceded in 1836, but Mexico did not recognize the secession and considered it to be a "rebel province." The support for the war in the U.S. was fueled by the American "manifest destiny" doctrine of the time period. This belief stated that it was the divine purpose of America to become a continental country that stopped at the Pacific Ocean. The war was fueled in Mexico by a border dispute between it and Texas.

West Point Display

West Point Display

West Point Uniforms: Donated by LTC & Mrs Clair Goodrich, in memory of their Son, MAJ Michael Goodrich and family who were killed in a accident in Switzerland while on vacation from Germany.  Cadet Parade Uniform with feathered (Shaka) denoting Cadet Officer.  Cadet winter uniform, worn daily for classes.  Cadet Class Ring: Class of 1931 (On loan form the West Point Association)  Cadet Winter Overcoat (Usually seen during Army/Navy Football games.  Cadet Parade Hat (Tar Bucket) w/single plume worn by cadet Enlisted men/women..

War of 1812 Display

War of 1812 Display

The immediate origins of the war were seizure of American ships, insults and injuries to American seamen by the British Navy, and rapid expansion of the American frontier.  While the western "war hawks" urged war in the hope of conquering Canada, the people of Georgia, Tennessee, and the Mississippi Territory entertained similar designs against Florida, a Spanish possession. The fact that Spain and England were allies against Napoleon presented the southern war hawks with an excuse for invading Florida. 

The Purple Heart Display

The Purple Heart Display

The Purple Heart is awarded to members of the armed forces of the U.S. who are wounded by an instrument of war in the hands of the enemy and posthumously to the next of kin in the name of those who are killed in action or die of wounds received in action. It is specificaHistory of the Orderlly a combat decoration.  The original Purple Heart, designated as the Badge of Military Merit, was established by George Washington – then the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army 

The Revolutionary War Display

The Revolutionary War Display

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) or American War of Independence, or simply Revolutionary War, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and ended in a global war between several European great powers.

Prisoners of War Display

Prisoners of War Display

A Prisoner of War (POW, PoW, PW, P/W, WP, PsW, enemy prisoner of war (EPW) or "missing-captured") is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict. The earliest recorded usage of the phrase is dated 1660.

U.S. Veterans Memorial Museum
2060A Airport Road • Huntsville AL 35801
(256) 883-3737
info@memorialmuseum.org